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Parkour and freerunning : discover your possibilities
2011
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Summary
<p>The growth of serious interest during the last fifty years in the scholastic contribution to the development of economic thought has been very marked, and no-where more so than in the history of economic thought in Spain. First published in 1978, this book begins in the Middle Ages and traces the effect on business practice and on thought of the presence of the Christian, Islamic and Jewish communities who lived side by side in the Peninsula. It shows how the economics of Plato and Aristotle were transmitted by way of Toledo to the Latin West.</p> <p>In the second half of the book the author considers e~Salamancane(tm) ideas and the views of the political economists and e~projectorse(tm) who preceded the Enlightenment. At the same time she surveys the present state of the subject and offers bibliographical guidance for the reader.</p>
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Table of Contents
Forewordp. 10
About this Bookp. 14
ATheoryp. 19
1The Historical Development of Parkour and Freerunningp. 19
1.1Georges Hébert and His Méthode Naturellep. 19
1.2Educational Progressivism at the Start of the 20 th Century and ôNatural Gymnasticsöp. 20
1.3Raymond Bellep. 22
1.4David Bellep. 22
1.5L'art du déplacement (The Art of Displacement)p. 23
1.6Naming of the Movement Art of Parkourp. 24
1.7Sébastien Foucan - From Parkour to Freerunningp. 24
1.8Definition of Parkour and Freerunningp. 26
1.9Further Development of Freerunningp. 26
1.10Outlook - Current Trends and Developmentsp. 27
1.11Parkour and Freerunning as recreational, Mass and School Sportsp. 29
2Safety and Responsibility in PK and FRp. 31
2.1Belle's and Foucan's Philosophiesp. 31
2.2General Behaviors in PK and FRp. 33
2.3Safety Measures and Training Rulesp. 34
2.4Clothing, Shoes and Morep. 36
3Training in PK and FRp. 39
3.1Basic Anatomy and Physiologyp. 39
3.1.1Body Structurep. 39
3.1.2Nutrition and Energy Supplyp. 42
3.1.3Physical Adaptation Processesp. 48
3.2Training Theory - Training Sciencep. 51
3.2.1Coordination and Technique Trainingp. 52
3.2.2Endurancep. 54
3.2.3Strengthp. 56
3.2.4Speedp. 64
3.2.5Flexibilityp. 67
3.3Training Session Organizationp. 70
3.3.1Warm-upp. 70
3.3.2Training Emphasisp. 73
3.3.3Cool Downp. 73
3.4Example Exercises for Core and Supplementary Trainingp. 74
BPracticep. 81
4PK & FR - Basic Movesp. 81
4.1Balancing - Équilibrep. 85
4.1.1Balance Basicsp. 86
4.1.2Balancing on the Feetp. 88
4.1.3Cat Balance (Balacing on All Fours)p. 89
4.1.4Handstand (Balancing on the Hands)p. 90
4.2Running - Courirp. 94
4.3Jumps - des Sautsp. 97
4.3.1Take-off Techniques for Supported Jumpsp. 97
4.3.2Tic-Tac-Stepping Movementsp. 98
4.3.3Precision jumps - des Sauts de Précisionp. 105
4.3.3.1One-foot Precisionp. 106
4.3.3.2Two-foot Precisionp. 108
4.3.3.3Running Precisionp. 110
4.3.4Drops - Sauts de Fondp. 112
4.4Landing Basics - Réceptionp. 113
4.4.1Landing Stressesp. 114
4.4.2One-footed Landingsp. 116
4.4.2.1Landing in a Lunge Positionp. 116
4.4.2.2Cranep. 116
4.4.3Two-foot Landings on the Same Level and for Dropsp. 118
4.4.3.1Eccentric Silent Landingp. 119
4.4.3.2Landing Using the Hands with Devation to Forward Movement (ôLanding and Divertingö)p. 122
4.4.3.3Landing and Continuing onto a Lower Levelp. 124
4.4.3.4Landing with Roll ôPK rollö/ôrouladeöp. 126
4.5Vaults - Passement/Passe Barrièrep. 130
4.5.1Step Vaultp. 132
4.5.2Speed (Vault) - Passement Rapidep. 134
4.5.3Lazy (Vault) - Passementp. 140
4.5.4Kong (Vault) ôMonkeyö - Saut de Chatp. 144
4.5.5Dash (Vault)-Passement Assisp. 152
4.5.6Kash (Vault)p. 156
4.5.7Reverse (Vault) - Passement Arrièrep. 162
4.5.8Turn (Vault) - Demi-tour - Reverse (to Knee Hang)p. 166
4.5.9Palm Spinp. 172
4.6Climbing - Grimperp. 177
4.6.1Wall Run/Wall-up - Passe Muraillep. 179
4.6.2Cat Leap/Arm Jump - Saut de Brasp. 186
4.6.3Muscle-up/Climb-up - Planchep. 192
4.6.4Wall Dismountp. 194
4.7Hanging and swinging - ôLâchéöp. 197
4.8Underbar - Franchissementp. 201
4.8.1Feet First Underbarp. 201
4.8.2Spiral Underbarp. 208
5Freerunning - Advanced Movesp. 213
5.1Loops - Culbuterp. 213
5.1.1Aerialp. 214
5.1.2Side Flipp. 221
5.2Wall Tricksp. 226
5.2.1Wall Spinp. 226
5.2.2Wall Flipp. 234
6Scene and Outlookp. 241
6.1Alexander Pach Interviews Some of the World's Best Freerunners at the Art of Motion in Swedenp. 241
6.2The Scenep. 250
6.3Groupsp. 250
6.4Workshopsp. 251
6.5Training and Further Educationp. 251
6.6Competitionsp. 251
6.7Clothing and Shoesp. 252
6.8Miscellaneousp. 252
7Parkour and Freerunning in Schoolsp. 255
7.1Pedagogical Aims and rationales for Parkour in Schoolsp. 255
7.2Contents and Activitiesp. 259
7.3Basic Principles of Curriculum Structurep. 260
7.4Safetyp. 264
7.5Lesson Plansp. 268
7.5.1Basic Structuresp. 268
7.5.2Six simplified example lesson plansp. 269
8The PK/FR Lexiconp. 281
8.1Standing Positions Relative to the Obstaclep. 281
8.2Axes of Rotationp. 282
8.3Support and Hang Gripsp. 283
8.3.1Support Gripsp. 283
8.3.2Hang Gripsp. 286
8.4Glossary of Parkour and Freerunning Techniquesp. 288
9Bibliographyp. 304
Acknowledgementsp. 308
Appendixp. 309
Photo Creditsp. 312
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